Hence, brands often continue to think about digital advertising in terms of purchasing 'inventory' or 'ad space' on platforms like Facebook and Google — space that they will use to reach their target audience.

But the truth is that the big tech platforms are not publishers or content companies in the traditional sense of the word. Sure, they aggregate and distribute content from various sources, but generating and owning content is not their core business.

They do sell advertisements, but they do not sell ad space in the same way as a broadcaster sells a 30-second spot or a publisher would a page in a magazine. So, if these platforms are not media companies, what are they?

The hint is in the name 'big tech'. They provide brands with a sophisticated stack of technology and tools that can be used to make highly personalised messages to consumers, based on who they are and what they are doing. Just like the programmatic platforms or email marketing companies, they are not content companies but IT and data companies.

Paying for results, not space

In practice, rather than paying for space, the advertiser is paying for the tools it needs to target a select audience with its message — with the aim of achieving an outcome or an action such as:
  • an impression
  • a video view
  • engagement
  • a click
  • a lead
  • an app install
  • a conversion
The cost is generally not set by a rate card, but by a bid from the advertiser for one of these actions, depending on the objective. Thinking of Facebook or Google as technology platforms will lead marketers to use them differently to the ways in which many brands do today.

Rather than purchasing an ad, they will understand that they are paying for an opportunity to engage with the right customer at the right moment. Think of it as direct marketing to qualified leads, but made even more targeted and efficient through the power of customer data.

When one starts to think of the social and search platforms as tech stacks, the importance of integrating digital advertising engagements with the company's customer relationship management — as well as analytics tools — becomes obvious.

Together, these tools enable a brand to understand the customer journey — from initial contact with a customer to conversion and the post-conversion relationship. The four phases of digital maturity, developed by Boston Consulting Group, offer a useful model for understanding how marketing and advertising are evolving in the age of big tech:

Phase 1: Nascent
Marketers use traditional media principals, direct media buys and external data to run their digital campaigns. Campaign outcomes are not directly linked to metrics like sales.

Phase 2: Emerging
Brands in this stage of maturity fuel decision-making with internal data, and automate media buying with single channel optimisation and testing.

Phase 3: Connected 
Data is integrated and activated across channels with a demonstrable link to ROI.

Phase 4: Multi-moment
Marketing executions are dynamically optimised for one-to-one customer interaction across channels.

Digital marketing consulting firms should not think of themselves as media buying and campaign optimisation agencies, but as experts in technology. Their goal should be to lead clients to a point where they have a complete view of the target customer at every stage of the sales funnel.

Additionally, they should aim to be able to leverage technology to personalise each engagement to an individual's exact wants and needs at an exact moment in time. For example, when someone searches for a hotel in Cape Town, a brand should not serve a generic ad, but one tailored to the areas and price range that the consumer is looking at.

Here are six steps to success as brands evolve into multi-moment marketing organisations:
  1. Think about how to use data to engage with new prospects, compared to those that have already embarked on a customer journey with the brand. Use third-party data from programmatic and social platforms to find new, relevant prospects.
  2. Leverage first-party data to engage with those that have already interacted with the company — for example, use tailored messaging to convert one-time purchasers into regular customers.
  3. Capture audience data at every touchpoint in the sales journey, from the customer's first exposure to the brand via video view, banner click or social media engagement through to a purchase and post-sales engagement.
  4. Develop a clear messaging strategy for each touchpoint. Use artificial intelligence and other automated tools to dynamically customise ads to each person's specific interest at that moment in time.
  5. Go beyond Google Analytics for attribution. Understand the role of each channel engagement, from when the customer first sees an ad to the conversion, rather than crediting the sale to the last click. Analytics360 or Adobe are examples of tools that provide this functionality.
  6. Integrate point of sale, CRM and programmatic audience data to trigger tailored ad messages. SalesForce or IBM Watson sync well with platforms like Google and Facebook, for example.
For more information, visit www.datacoremedia.co.za. You can also follow DataCore Media on Facebook.