"The survey revealed that there is no one-size-fits-all when it comes to print or digital, and there is a place for both," says Jane Molony, executive director of the Paper Manufacturers Association of South Africa (PAMSA).

South Africa participated in this extensive piece of research that questioned more than 10 000 consumers in 16 countries across the world and provided an assessment of consumers' attitudes toward print and paper.

Reading habits — leisure and news

During the Covid-19 pandemic, the shift from paper and print to reading on digital devices — across all categories of communications — was real. This included:
  • newspapers
  • magazines
  • books
  • catalogues
  • invoices and statements, and
  • personal health information.

"Despite this surge in online media use, many consumers still value print on paper, especially when reading books and magazines," Molony says.

The Two Sides survey shows that 49% of South African consumers prefer to read printed books and magazines. Around 44% prefer to read news on their computer or device, but ironically the same number would be concerned if print newspapers were to disappear.

"This was in line with our own survey that we conducted in 2022, in which 65% of respondents preferred paper over digital when reading for leisure," adds Molony.

Just less than 25% still get their daily news from newspapers only, while 33% of the participants said they rely on a combination of newspapers and news websites.

Marketing and advertising

While most of the advertising-related statements posed to the respondents yielded a relatively even three-way split across 'agree, neither agree / disagree and disagree', there were some interesting results.
  • Around 46% of respondents said they ignore or block online advertisements with the largest proportion (62%) in the 18-24 age category.
  • Similarly, 41% said do not ignore print advertisements (e.g. newspapers) against 29% who do, and a third being undecided.
  • On paying a premium to remove online ads, 44% disagree with this, while 28% and 27% agreed and were undecided respectively.

According to research conducted by ROOTS, a South African urban, community-level, quantitative survey:
  • 80% of people look for specials in local and community papers
  • 77% in-store, and
  • 70% via online searches.

Print is consumed intentionally, making adverts in print up to four times more impactful and up to two times more effective than social media ads.

Molony says, "Such research affirms that print has not been substituted by our laptops and mobile phones, but rather digital advertising complements print, which remains an integral part of the purchasing decision."

Receipt of personal documents and invoices

When it comes to receiving medical records, tax documents, invoices and statements, the South African preference weighed in favour of electronic communication at 72% against 21%. (10 percent of respondents had no preference.)

"Respondents in other countries in this survey showed a preference to receiving their medical, tax and billing correspondence in the post. One wonders if this would be different if South Africa had a functioning postal system," adds Molony.

"We should not interpret this as a dislike of paper-based communication," says Molony, adding that 70% of respondents are increasingly concerned that their personal information held electronically is at risk.

On whether they found paper bills and statements, rather than electronic versions, better for record-keeping:
  • 44% agreed
  • 30% disagreed, and
  • 26% were neutral.

Learning and understanding

The survey also sought opinions on the advantages of reading and learning with paper and print. It revealed that more than half (54%) agreed or strongly agreed that "children and students learn more when reading printed rather than digital books and course materials", compared to just 17% who disagreed or strongly disagreed.

Some 37% agreed or strongly agreed that they "get a better understanding of the story when reading news in print rather than online", compared to 29% who disagreed or strongly disagreed.

These results reinforce academic studies that have demonstrated the important role that paper and print have in education and in helping people understand complex information, whether that information is in the form of textbooks or news stories.

An article in MIT Technology Review says, "The dangers of relying on technology are also particularly pronounced in literacy education and at early grade levels".

Health and the digital age

The Two Sides survey showed that 63% of South Africans acknowledged that they spend too much time on devices. Asked whether they are concerned that the overuse of electronic devices could be damaging to their physical health (in the form of eyestrain, sleep deprivation and headaches), 55% agreed or strongly agreed.

In the same vein, 45% were concerned about the effect of devices on their mental health, including:
  • depression
  • anxiety, and
  • concentration.

"Everything in life requires balance and moderation, and we need to choose what works best for a particular application," Molony concludes.

For more information, visit www.twosides.info. and www.thepaperstory.co.za.